The Bullmastiff dog breed is a firm and fearless family guardian. While standoffish toward strangers he’s got a soft spot for his loved ones. He has a short, easy-care coat, but he is a drooler.
- Dog Breed Group: Working Dogs
- Height: 2 feet to 2 feet, 3 inches (60.96 to 68.58 centimeters) tall at the shoulder
- Weight: 100 to 130 pounds (45.36 to 58.97 kilograms)
- Life Span: 8 to 10 years
The Bullmastiff was originally developed by gamekeepers on many of England's great estates. There they served as the guardians of the grounds because they were bred to be courageous, confident, strong, and fast.
These dogs are large and powerfully built. His appearance is very formidable which would scare off even the bravest of intruders. This dog is a determined protector as well as a loving family companion.
This breed is basically a clean breed with his short coat which makes him easy to groom and a low shed dog. On the other end of the spectrum he is a slobberer who drools quite heavily.
Even though he is a big dog he is not a high-energy dog. All that he requires is a couple of short walks or a couple of playtimes a day and his exercise needs will be met. And because he is so mellow he does very well in a condo or apartment environment.
As a young dog the Bullmastiff is a very energetic dog. As he matures he will settle down. This usually comes around the age of two.
Even though he is a low energy or mellow dog he is not a lazy dog. This dog is very adept at agility and dog sports. He can even outlast most hard-working dogs. He even makes a great therapy dog because of his calm nature. And his comical expression makes everyone fall in love with him.
Training can be a challenge. The Bullmastiff is an independent thinker. You will need to show firmness, fairness, and consistency in your training methods to win him over. Once you have him with these qualities he will look to you as the head of the household and leader of the pack.
The Bullmastiff is the type of dog where you must maintain total control. If not he will definitely run the show. For these dogs early socialization is an absolute must.
One of his good, gentler qualities is that he is excellent around children of all ages. This dog has an amazing amount of patience with them. Just remember that the Bullmastiff is not a baby sitter.
Also keep in mind that Bullmastiffs can reach a weight of 130 pounds, and most of that is muscle. So living with a Bullmastiff brings the responsibility of ensuring that you have a well-trained and socialized dog. When that's the case, you'll find yourself in possession of a wonderful dog who is loving, faithful, and courageous, a huggable lug who's your best friend.
- Does the Bullmastiff adapt well to apartment living?
- This breed of dog is very mellow and calm. He can adapt well to any living environment. Especially condos and apartments. Just make sure that he is walked at least twice a day so that he gets enough exercise. (See List of Dogs Not Well Suited to Apartment Living.)
- Is the Bullmastiff a good dog for the novice dog owner?
- The Bullmastiff is a big and powerful dog. Being such a large dog they can be overwhelming at times. If this dog senses that its owner is not quite sure of himself to be the pack leader the dog will take over. For this reason it is recommended that only experienced owners get a Bullmastiff. (See List of Dogs That Are Good For Experienced Owners.)
- Is the Bullmastiff a sensitive dog?
- Some dogs will pay no attention to a stern reprimand, while others will sulk in a corner for hours. The Bullmastiff is a relatively sturdy dog that will not let the occasional reprimand get in the way of his life. He has more important things to do, like take care of his family. (See List of Dogs That Have A Low Sensitivity Level.)
- Can the Bullmastiff tolerate being left alone for extended periods of time?
- Dogs that bond closely with their family will not tolerate being left alone even for a short period of time. They will panic with the fear of believing that they have been abandoned. The Bullmastiff is a dog that really has a close attachment to his family. If you need to leave the dog alone it is best to crate him while you are gone. This dog is capable of destroying your house because of his anxiety of being left alone. (See List of Dogs That Are Poorly Suited To Be Alone.)
- Can the Bullmastiff tolerate cold weather?
- Most dogs with a short coat and little or no undercoat or body fat are vulnerable to the cold. Such dogs need to live indoors and also wear a sweater or jacket on walks when it is chilly outside. The Bullmastiff has a healthy amount of body fat so he is capable of tolerating colder weather than most short-haired dogs. This doesn't mean that he should live outside in colder climates. (See List of Dogs That Are Poorly Suited To Cold Weather.)
- Can the Bullmastiff tolerate hot weather?
- Many of the bigger dogs cannot tolerate the heat very well. And that goes for the Bullmastiff as well. These dogs need a cool place to go and relax when they are troubled by the heat. Living in an air-conditioned environment is probably the best way to go for these dogs. (See List of Dogs That Are Poorly Suited for Hot Weather.)
- Is the Bullmastiff an affectionate dog with the whole family?
- Some dogs like to be independent and are not affectionate with the family or even its owner. Others cannot go throughout the day without getting at least a couple of hugs and kisses in with all members of the family. The Bullmastiff is a dog that really loves his family and shows affection towards all members of the family. (See List of Dogs That Are Not Affectionate With Family.)
- Is the Bullmastiff a kid-friendly dog?
- A kid-friendly dog is one that is gentle with children, sturdy enough to handle the heavy-handed pets and hugs they can dish out, and having a blasé attitude toward running, screaming children. And that's exactly what the Bullmastiff is. Just remember that all dogs are individuals and the personality of the dog plays an important part here. As long as they are properly trained on how to get along with kids the dog will be better able to tolerate the antics of children. (See List of Kid-Friendly Dogs as well as our List of Dogs That Are Not Kid Friendly.)
- Is the Bullmastiff a dog-friendly dog?
- Dogs that love their humans may not always like other dogs. Sometimes dogs may attack or try to dominate other dogs. Fortunately for us, most dogs would prefer to play than fight. If a dog has good canine social skills they are more likely to do well with other dogs. The Bullmastiff would rather play with another dog than fight. (See List of Dogs That Are Not So Dog-Friendly.)
- Is the Bullmastiff a stranger-friendly dog?
- Some dogs just enjoy greeting new people. Others would rather have nothing to do with them. And then there are those that are wary of strangers and ready to protect their family and home in an instant. That is the Bullmastiff. When a stranger comes a calling he will be on guard. To have your dog respond better to strangers he should be exposed to many different types and ages of people as possible starting at a very young age. (See List of Dogs That Are Shy.)
- Does the Bullmastiff shed a lot?
- All dogs shed. The question is how much does a particular breed of dog shed? Length of their coat seems to have nothing to do with it. Many short-haired dogs are constant shedders while some long-haired dogs don't shed a lot. The Bullmastiff is a really low shedding dog. Even during the seasonal shedding periods (mid spring and mid fall) they really don't shed that much. (See List of Dogs That Shed Very Little.)
- Does the Bullmastiff drool a lot?
- This is where the Bullmastiff is a master. This dog is a really big drooler. For some people that is fine. For others there is an issue. If you have an issue with dogs that drool you may want to stay with a dog that rates low in this department. (See List of Dogs That Don't Drool A Lot.)
- Is the Bullmastiff an easy dog to groom?
- Some dogs don't require a lot of grooming. Just give them a quick brush about once every week and you're all set. The Bullmastiff is a really low groom dog. (See List of Dogs That Require More Grooming.)
- Is the Bullmastiff a healthy dog?
- All dogs are susceptible to various medical conditions and illnesses. Both naturally occurring and genetic. Being a large dog and poor breeding practices this particular dog can suffer from many different diseases and genetic conditions. Unless you have a deep pocket to cover his medical expenses this may not be the breed for you. (See List of Dogs That Are Prone To Health Problems.)
- Does the Bullmastiff have a high potential for weight gain?
- Some dogs have a very hearty appetite and tend to put on weight easily. Also, dogs that don't require a lot of exercise are also potential weight gainers. The Bullmastiff, being a rather laid-back dog, is at risk of gaining weight because they also have a hearty appetite. Taking the dog on regular walks is an essential element in helping to maintain a healthy weight in these dogs.
- Is the Bullmastiff a big dog?
- Dogs come in all sizes, from the tiniest to the humongous. This is a very important factor that you must consider when looking for a companion dog. The Bullmastiff can weigh in at around 130 pounds (58.97 kilograms) which makes him a very big dog. (See List of Dogs That Are Small.)
- Is the Bullmastiff an easy dog to train?
- Dogs that can form an association between a prompt, and action, and a consequence learn new things very quickly. Dogs that are independent can learn new stuff but they require special training techniques. The Bullmastiff can be hard to train but not impossible. These dogs are best enrolled in an obedience class for their training.
- Is the Bullmastiff an intelligent dog?
- The Bullmastiff is not a dumb dog but he is also not the smartest cookie in the class. With that said you may find that there are time where he might surprise you with his intelligence.
- Is the Bullmastiff a mouthy dog when he plays with people?
- A mouthy dog is one that tends to nip, chew, and play-bite. These dogs tend to use their mouths to hold and herd their human counterparts. Such dogs need to be trained that it is ok to chew on their toys, but not on people. The Bullmastiff is middle-of-the-road in this respect.
- Does the Bullmastiff have a high prey drive?
- Dogs that have a high prey drive are usually hunting dogs. These dogs were bred to hunt and chase animals. The Bullmastiff was not used as a hunting dog so they don't have a high prey drive. However, some Bullmastiffs do occasionally chase the odd small animal.
- Does the Bullmastiff have a high tendency to bark or howl?
- Some dogs are really vocal and seem to like the sound of their own voice. Others don't make a sound. The Bullmastiff uses his voice to warn you that a stranger is approaching the house. So if you live in an area where there is constant people traffic outside your window this dog will most likely sound off constantly.
- Does the Bullmastiff have a high wanderlust potential?
- Some dogs are just born to constantly explore their environment. Others will come running back to their owners once they lose sight of the master. The Bullmastiff doesn't have a high interest in exploring its neighborhood. But is something really interesting catches his attention he will go off to discover what it is. For this reason you should always walk your dog on a leash.
- Does the Bullmastiff have a high energy level?
- Dogs that are high-energy are constantly ready and waiting for some sort of action. Dogs that were bred to perform some sort of job fall into this category. The Bullmastiff, on the other hand, would rather sleep on your couch that play a game of fetch.
- Is the Bullmastiff an intense dog?
- Intense dogs are usually vigorous dogs. This means that they will put everything they have into whatever they are doing. The Bullmastiff will put all he's got into whatever he is doing until he is about 99% complete before he walks away and gives up.
- Does the Bullmastiff require a lot of exercise?
- Some dogs like to go for a slow evening stroll around the block. Others require a good twenty-minute workout twice a day. Although the Bullmastiff is a rather laid-back and mellow dog he should have at least two twenty-minute walks that are leisurely per day. And if you can, try coaxing him into a ten-minute game of catch at least once a week.
- Is the Bullmastiff a playful dog?
- Some dogs just love to play and will go at it all day long. Others may also love to play but will require some down time once in a while. The Bullmastiff really loves to play, especially with children, but they require the occasional rest.
General Highlights of the Bullmastiff
Bullmastiffs do not require a lot of exercise. Just going out twice a day for a leisurely twenty-minute walk is all that he really needs.
Bullmastiffs can do quite well being left alone if they are properly trained. If they are not trained in this respect it is wise to crate them while you are gone unless you want that wall in the living room torn down. And he is capable of doing just that.
The Bullmastiff is a relatively low maintenance dog. A minimum of grooming is all that is required to keep their coat clean and in good condition.
If you live in a condo or an apartment these dogs are excellent. They are very mellow and relaxed and would prefer to snooze in the corner or on the couch rather than run around the apartment. Also, they like living indoors close to their humans as they love attention.
One of the problems with Bullmastiffs is that they are prone to heat exhaustion and heatstroke. So if the weather is hot or humid you should keep your Bullmastiff indoors.
These dogs tend to be big droolers and also very flatulent. So if you have a concern about the mess they make with their drool then this is not the dog for you. However, the flatulent part can be funny as dogs tend to be very surprised by the sound of a good fart.
Bullmastiffs need to be socialized at a very young age. With proper training and socialization you can help curb any unwanted aggression and willfulness of the dog.
These are large dogs that are very loving. They absolutely enjoy spending time with you on the couch. They also think that they are lap dogs and will try to sit in your lap. However, just think of all the loving you will get.
These dogs are very determined guard dogs. Many Bullmastiffs have given their lives in the protection of their homes and families. Any intruder would most likely think twice when they come face-to-face with a Bullmastiff.
Bullmastiffs are great dogs with children. However, vigilant supervision is required is the child is a toddler. Bullmastiffs are big dogs and they can accidentally knock over, or even step on, a toddler.
Bullmastiffs have a very high tolerance when it comes to pain. You will need to be very vigilant with your dog to determine if it is in pain so that the proper steps can be taken to resolve the problem.
Always get your puppy from a reputable breeder. They have a serious responsibility in making sure that various health test are performed to ensure that their breeding dogs don't pass on any predisposition to genetic diseases. Talk with the breeder to make sure that the puppy's parents have been properly screened. And make sure that you get references from the breeder so that you can talk to other puppy buyers about their experience with the breeder.
History of the Bullmastiff
The Bullmastiff is the new kid on the block. This breed was developed around the mid-19th century. Probably by English gamekeepers who needed a large, quiet, fearless dog with plenty of speed to track down poachers and the strength to hang on to them until the gamekeeper arrived.
In the beginning, the gamekeepers experimented with the cross-breeding of many different breeds in order to create the perfect dog. This experiment eventually paid off when they crossed a Mastiff with a Bulldog. This breed was called the Gamekeeper's Night-Dog.
The Gamekeeper's Night-Dog lived alongside the gamekeeper and his family. Looks was not in the cards for these dogs as the gamekeepers wanted a breed that could do its job to the very best of its abilities. And that is what they got.
After poaching declined the role of the Bullmastiff changed over to a guard dog.
The Bullmastiff began to be a distinct breed in the early 20th century as breeders began to breed Bullmastiff with Bullmastiff and not Mastiff to Bulldog. This led to England's Kennel Club recognizing the breed in 1924. The American Kennel Club soon followed in 1933 and the first Bullmastiff was registered by the AKC in 1934. The name of that dog was Fascination of Felons Fear.
Of the 157 breeds and varieties of dogs registered by the AKC , the Bullmastiff ranks 40th. Finally, his day as a recognized companion dog has come.
Size of the Bullmastiff
A Bullmastiff male is 25 to 27 inches (63.5 to 68.58 centimeters) in height and weighs 110 to 130 pounds (49.90 to 58.97 kilograms); females are 24 to 26 inches (60.96 to 66.04 centimeters) and weigh 100 to 120 pounds (45.36 to 54.43 kilograms).
Personality of the Bullmastiff
This dog is fearless and confident in everything he does. He is also obedient and reliable to his family. Although a smart dog that is an independent thinker he also wants to please his people.
The Bullmastiff is a natural guardian of home and family. This dog will instantly respond to any threats against either. As they were bred to be silent watchdogs it is unusual for them to bark. So if they bark you should be on alert as well.
As with every dog, Bullmastiffs need early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences. Socialization helps ensure that your Bullmastiff puppy grows up to be a well-rounded dog.
Enrolling him in a puppy kindergarten class is a great start. Inviting visitors over regularly, and taking him to busy parks, stores that allow dogs, and on leisurely strolls to meet neighbors will also help him polish his social skills.
Health Consideration of the Bullmastiff
Bullmastiffs are generally healthy dogs, but just like all other breeds, he can be subject to certain health conditions. This does not mean that he may get any of those conditions but you should be aware of them
If you're buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you the health clearances for both your puppy's parents. Health clearances prove that a dog's been tested for and cleared of a particular condition.
In Bullmastiffs, you should expect to see health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for hips and elbows, as well as certification from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) that the eyes are normal.
The following list are the most common medical and genetic conditions that may afflict the Bullmastiff:
- Hip Dysplasia: This is a heritable condition in which the thighbone doesn't fit snugly into the hip joint. Some dogs show pain and lameness on one or both rear legs, but you may not notice any signs of discomfort in a dog with hip dysplasia. As the dog ages, arthritis can develop. X-ray screening for hip dysplasia is done by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals or the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program (PennHIP). Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred. Hip dysplasia is hereditary, but it can be worsened by environmental factors, such as rapid growth from a high-calorie diet or injuries incurred from jumping or falling on slick floors.
- Elbow Dysplasia: This is a heritable condition common to large-breed dogs. It's thought to be caused by different growth rates of the three bones that make up the dog's elbow, causing joint laxity. This can lead to painful lameness. Your vet may recommend surgery to correct the problem or medication to control the pain.
- Hypothyroidism: Caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone, this disease may produce signs that include infertility, obesity, mental dullness, and lack of energy. The dog's fur may become coarse and brittle and begin to fall out, while the skin becomes tough and dark. Hypothyroidism can be managed very well with a thyroid replacement pill daily. Medication must continue throughout the dog's life.
- Entropion: This defect, which is usually obvious by six months of age, causes the eyelid to roll inward, irritating or injuring the eyeball. One or both eyes can be affected. If your Bullmastiff has entropion, you may notice him rubbing at his eyes. The condition can be corrected surgically, which is best done after the dog reaches maturity at one or two years of age.
- Subaortic Stenosis: This common heart defect occurs when the aorta narrows below the aortic valve, forcing the heart to work harder to supply blood to the body. This condition can cause fainting and even sudden death. It's an inherited condition, but its mode of transmission isn't known at this time. Typically, a veterinary cardiologist diagnoses this condition after a heart murmur has been detected. Dogs with this condition should not be bred.
- Cystinuria: This genetic disorder is caused by an inability to reabsorb cystine, an amino acid, back into the kidney tubules. This results in the formation of kidney or bladder stones, which can cause life-threatening blockages of the urinary tract, especially in males. It's identified through an inexpensive urine nitroprusside test for cystine available through the University of Pennsylvania. Medication, diet, and surgery are all options that may help. Dogs with this inherited defect should not be bred.
- Gastric Dilatation Volvulus, Gastric Torsion, Bloat: This life-threatening condition can affect large, deep-chested dogs such as Bullmastiffs, especially if they are fed only one large meal a day, eat rapidly, drink large volumes of water after eating, or are allowed to exercise vigorously after eating. Raised feeding dishes and the type of food given may also be factors. It is more common among older dogs. GDV occurs when the stomach is distended with gas or air and then twists (torsion). The dog is unable to belch or vomit to rid itself of the excess air in its stomach, and the normal return of blood to the heart is impeded. Blood pressure drops and the dog goes into shock. Without immediate medical attention, the dog can die. Suspect bloat if your dog has a distended abdomen, is salivating excessively and retching without throwing up. He also may be restless, depressed, lethargic, and weak with a rapid heart rate. It's important to get your dog to the vet as soon as possible. There is some indication that a tendency toward GDV is inherited, so it's recommended that dogs who develop this condition be neutered or spayed.
- Ruptured Anterior Cruciate Ligament: This common knee injury tends to occur in large young dogs during play and older overweight dogs. A twisting of the dog's hind leg, which causes the anterior cruciate ligament to tear or rupture resulting in a sudden lameness in a hind leg. When the ligament is torn or ruptured, the tibia and femur can move against each other. This can lead to arthritis fairly quickly. Surgery is one form of treatment if the ligament is completely torn. If the ligament is only partially torn and other circumstances rule out surgery as an option, the rupture can be treated medically with special instruction on low-impact exercise and, if the dog is overweight, diet.
- Cancer: Dogs, like humans, can develop cancer. There are many different types of cancer, and the success of treatment differs for each individual case. For some forms of cancer, the tumors are surgically removed, others are treated with chemotherapy, and some are treated both surgically and medically. Cancers found commonly in Bullmastiffs include lymphosarcoma, osteosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, and mast cell tumors.
- Panosteitis: This is an elusive ailment sometimes seen in young dogs. Its primary sign is sudden lameness, and puppies usually outgrow it by the age of two years with no long-term problems. The lameness can be slight or severe and can be managed with canine pain relievers. Panosteitis is often misdiagnosed as elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, or even more serious disorders. If misdiagnosed, the vet may want to do surgery on your dog that isn't needed. If signs occur, ask for a second opinion from an orthopedic specialist before allowing surgery to be performed.
- Skin Problems: Bullmastiffs have sensitive skin that can be prone to rashes, sores, and irritations. They may also be prone to contact or inhalant allergies, caused by a reaction to substances such as detergents or other chemicals or airborne allergens such as pollen, dust, and mildew. Check your Bullmastiff's skin regularly and treat any rashes quickly. Provide soft, clean bedding in crates and other sleeping areas to prevent sores. Sometimes a change to a diet with few or no chemical additives can help. Other Bullmastiffs need long-term treatment with antibiotics or steroids to keep skin problems under control.
Caring for the Bullmastiff
The Bullmastiff is a low-energy, easy-care dog that will adapt well to most home environments. However, because of his great size he would do much better in a house with a fenced-in back yard.
Bullmastiffs that are allowed to roam free tend to guard their ever expanding territory. These dogs have been known to prevent people and other dogs from entering their territory.
The Bullmastiff has a rather short muzzle which makes him prone to heat exhaustion and heatstroke. It is best to avoid any exercise during hot and humid days. During these periods this dog should be kept indoors where it is cooler. Preferably in an air-conditioned home.
Training is essential for these dogs and should be started at a very young age. He should be enrolled in a puppy socialization class so that he can become accustomed to being around other dogs and people. This is a necessary first step in the Bullmastiff's life as he can be aggressive towards other dogs and people he doesn't know. And don't forget to take him to places where he can see and be around many different people.
Although he wants to please, the Bullmastiff thinks for himself and needs a confident trainer. Use positive reinforcement techniques, never physical punishment, but be firm and consistent in what you ask of him. Avoid repetitive training, or your Bullmastiff will get bored and start doing his own thing.
The Bullmastiff needs a firm hand when training, but he also needs love and patience. When he's trained, you'll find that he's a wonderful, caring, and loyal companion who will gladly risk his life to defend yours.
Feeding the Bullmastiff
The bullmastiff eats quite a bit. The daily recommended amount is 3 1/8 to 4 1/8 cups of a high-quality dog food daily, divided into two meals.
Remember that this is only a guideline. Dogs are individuals and their daily food requirement can vary depending on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level.
Keep your Bullmastiff in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day rather than leaving food out all the time.
Coat Color and Grooming
The Bullmastiff has a short, dense coat which offers him excellent protection against rain, snow, and cold. This coat is found in three primary colors: red, fawn or brindle. Some Bullmastiffs also have a small white mark on their chest.
The Bullmastiff is not a heavy shedder. All that is basically required to keep his coat in top condition is a very quick brushing daily with a rubber curry. Bathing should only be done when absolutely required.
You should check his ears on a weekly basis and clean them with a recommended ear cleaning solution. If there is a bad smell in the ears or they are filled with a waxy material that resembles coffee grounds he may be suffering from ear mites or an infection. You should consult your veterinarian immediately as this can lead to hearing loss.
His nails also need to be checked weekly and should be trimmed at least once a month. If you can hear the nails clicking on the floor when he walks it is a good sign that his nails need trimming.
Dogs should have their teeth brushed. If not they can develop cavities as well as bad breath. So brush his teeth at least two or three times a week. This will prevent tartar buildup and other dental and oral diseases.
The overall grooming process is a time for both you and your dog to bond with each other. It also provides you with a way to examine your dog for any abnormalities. This is your time to look for sores or other signs of irritation on the skin, mouth, paws, and ears. Check the eyes also to make sure that they are clear and there is no discharge.
Children and Other Pets
Bullmastiffs are patient with and protective of children, but because they're so large, they can accidentally knock over or step on a toddler. If you have children, take their age and size into consideration when deciding whether to get a Bullmastiff.
Always teach children how to approach and touch dogs, and always supervise any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent any ear biting or tail pulling on the part of either party.
Teach your child to never approach any dog while he's sleeping or eating or try to take away the dog's food. No dog, no matter how good-natured, should ever be left unsupervised with a child.
The Bullmastiff may well be aggressive toward dogs he doesn't know. He does best with dogs of the opposite sex, especially if he's been raised with them.
He can get along with cats if he's raised with them, although some Bullmastiffs can't resist the urge to chase them. A cat who stands up for itself will fare better than one who runs away.
Bullmastiffs are often acquired without any clear understanding of what goes into owning one, and these dogs often end up in the care of rescue groups, in need of adoption or fostering. Contact rescue organizations for more information about available dogs and adoption requirements.
- The American Bullmastiff Association
- Bullmastiff Rescue of Canada
- Pacific Northwest Bullmastiff Fanciers
- Bullmastiff Rescue Resource Centre
Below are breed clubs, organizations, and associations where you can find additional information about the Bullmastiff.
Bullmastiff Puppy Pics
Bullmastiff Puppy Pics